Art. 1 - This Law provides for the processing of personal data, including by digital means, by a natural person or a legalArt. 2 - The discipline of personal data protection is grounded on the following:Art. 3 - This Law applies to any processing operation carried out by a natural person or a legal entity of public orArt. 4 - This Law does not apply to the processing of personal data that:Art. 5 - For purposes of this Law, the following definitions apply:Art. 6 - Activities of processing of personal data shall be done in good faith and be subject to the following principles:
Section I - Requirements for the Processing of Personal DataArt. 7 - Processing of personal data shall only be carried out under the following circumstances:Art. 8 - The consent provided in Item I of Art. 7 of this Law shall be given in writing or by anotherArt. 9 - The data subject has the right to facilitated access to information concerning the processing of her/his data, which much beArt. 10 - Controller’s legitimate interest can only be grounds for processing personal data for legitimate purposes, based on particular situations, which include
Section II - Processing of Sensitive Personal DataArt. 11 - The processing of sensitive personal data shall only occur in the following situations:Art. 12 - anonymised data shall not be considered personal data, for purposes of this Law, except when the process of anonymisation toArt. 13 - When carrying out public health studies, research entities may have access to personal databases, which shall be processed exclusively within
Section III - Processing of Children and Adolescents’ Personal DataArt. 14 - The processing of personal data belonging to children and adolescents shall be done in their best interest, pursuant to this
Section IV - Termination of Data ProcessingArt. 15 - The processing of personal data shall be terminated under the following circumstances:Art. 16 - Personal data shall be deleted following the termination of their processing, within the scope and technical limits of the activities,
Art. 17 - All natural person is assured ownership of her/his personal data, with the fundamental rights of freedom, intimacy and privacy beingArt. 18 - The personal data subject has the right to obtain the following from the controller, regarding the data subject’s data beingArt. 19 - Confirmation of the existence of or access to personal data shall be provided by means of request by the dataArt. 20 - The data subject has the right to request review, by a natural person, of decisions taken solely on the basesArt. 21 - Personal data concerning the regular exercise of rights by the data subject cannot be used to her/his detriment.Art. 22 - The defence of the interests and rights of data subjects may be carried out in court, individually or collectively, as
Section I - RulesArt. 23 - Processing of personal data by legal entities of public law referred to in sole paragraph of Art. 1 of LawArt. 24 - Public companies and mixed-capital companies that operate in the competing market, subject to the provisions of Art. 173 of theArt. 25 - Data shall be kept in an interoperable format and structured for shared use intended for the execution of public policies,Art. 26 - The shared use of personal data by public authorities shall fulfill the specific purposes of execution of public policies andArt. 27 - Communication or shared use of personal data from a legal entity of public law to a legal entity of privateArt. 28 - (vetoed)Art. 29 - The national authority may request, at any time, that entities of the public authority carry out operations of processing ofArt. 30 - The national authority may establish complementary rules for communication or shared used of personal data activities.
Section II - AccountabilityArt. 31 - When there is an infringement of this Law as a result of personal data processing by public agencies, the nationalArt. 32 - The national authority may request agents of the public authorities to publish impact reports on protection of personal data and
Art. 33 - International transfer of personal data is only allowed in the followingArt. 34 - The level of data protection in the foreign country or international organisation referred to in Item I of the leadArt. 35 - The definition of the content of standard contractual clauses, as well as the verification of specific contractual clauses for aArt. 36 - Changes to guarantees presented as sufficient for compliance with the general principles of protection and of the data subject’s rights
Section I - Controller and ProcessorArt. 37 - The controller and the processor shall keep records of personal data processing operations carried out by them, especially when basedArt. 38 - The national authority may determine that the controller must prepare an impact report on protection of personal data, including sensitiveArt. 39 - The processor shall carry out the processing according to the instructions provided by the controller, which shall verify the obedienceArt. 40 - The national authority may provide standards of interoperability for purposes of portability, free access to data and security, as well
Section II - Data Protection OfficerArt. 41 - The controller shall appoint an officer to be in charge of processing personal data. §1 The identity and contact information
Section III - Liability and Loss CompensationArt. 42 - The controller or the processor that, as a result of carrying out their activity of processing personal data, cause material,Art. 43 - Processing agents shall only not be held liable when they prove that:Art. 44 - Processing of personal data shall be irregular when it does not obey the legislation or when it does not provideArt. 45 - When there is violation of data subject’s right in the scope of consumer relations, the rules of liability provided in
Section I - Security and Secrecy of DataArt. 46 - Processing agents shall adopt security, technical and administrative measures able to protect personal data from unauthorised accesses and accidental orArt. 47 - Processing agents or any other person that intervenes in one of the processing phases undertake to ensure the security ofArt. 48 - The controller must communicate to the national authority and to the data subject the occurrence of a security incident thatArt. 49 - The systems used for processing personal data shall be structured in order to meet the security requirements, standards of good
Section II - Good Practice and GovernanceArt. 50 - Controllers and processors, within the scope of their competences, concerning processing of personal data, individually or in associations, may formulateArt. 51 - The national authority shall encourage the adoption of technical standards that facilitate data subjects’ control of their personal data.
Section I - Administrative SanctionsArt. 52 - Data processing agents that commit infractions of the rules provided in this Law are subject to the following administrative sanctions,Art. 53 - The national authority shall define the methodologies that will be used for the calculation of the base value for fines,Art. 54 - The amount of daily fines applied to infractions of this Law shall be subject to the severity of the infraction
Section I - The National Authority for Protection of Data (“ANPD”)Art. 55 - (vetoed)Art. 56 - (vetoed)Art. 57 - (vetoed)
Section II - The National Board for the Protection of Personal Data and PrivacyArt. 58 - (vetoed)Art. 59 - (vetoed)
Art. 60 - Law No. 12,965, of April 23, 2014 (the “Brazilian Internet Law”), shall henceforth contain the following alterations: “Art. 7 …Art. 61 - The foreign company shall be notified and summonsed of all procedural acts provided in this Law, irrespective of power ofArt. 62 - The national authority and the Anísio Teixeira National Institute for Educational Studies and Research (Inep), within the scope of theirArt. 63 - The national authority shall establish rules on the progressive suitability of databases established up to the date this Law comesArt. 64 - The rights and principles expressed in this Law do not exclude others provided in the Brazilian legal system related toArt. 65 - This Law shall come into force eighteen (18) months following its official publication.
The controller or the processor that, as a result of carrying out their activity of processing personal data, cause material, moral, individual or collective damage to others, in violation of legislation for the protection of personal data, are obligated to redress it.
§1 In order to ensure the actual indemnification to the data subject:
I – the processor jointly answers for the damages caused by the processing when they do not comply with the obligations of data protection legislation or when she/he has not followed controller’s lawful instructions, in which case the processor is deemed equivalent to the controller, except in cases of exclusion as provided in Art. 43 of this Law;
II – controllers who are directly involved in the processing from which damages resulted to the data subject shall jointly answer, except in cases of exclusion as provided in Art. 43 of this Law.
§2 The judge, in a civil lawsuit, may reverse the burden of proof in favor of the data subject when, at her/his discretion, the allegation appears to be true, there are no funds for the purpose of producing evidence or when production of evidence by the data subject would be overly burdensome.
§3 Lawsuits for compensation for collective damages, the objective of which is liability pursuant to the terms of the lead sentence of this article, may be filed collectively in court, subject to the provisions of pertinent legislation.
§4 Anyone who pays compensation for damage to the data subject has the right of recourse against other liable parties, to the extent of their participation in the damaging event.