Further use of the information collected

(130) Upon collection by the Japanese public authorities, personal information falls within the scope of application of the APPIHAO. That Act regulates the handling (processing) of "retained personal information", and insofar imposes a number of limitations and safeguards (see recital 118) (102). Moreover, the fact that an Administrative Organ may retain personal information "only when the retention is necessary for performing the affairs under its jurisdiction provided by laws and regulations" (Article 3(1) of the APPIHAO) also imposes restrictions – at least indirectly – on the initial collection.